Folder view preferences are stored separately in a hidden file called .DS_Store in each folder. If you want to reset the folder view options to the default settings, you can use Terminal to do a search for those files and remove them.
To remove them in your home folder, you can run this:
find ~ -name ".DS_Store" -delete
Note that you can also do this on network shares. Just adjust the search path accordingly.
Suppose you have a share mapped to smb://server/data, then you would type:
find /Volumes/data -name "*.DS_Store" -delete